Dec 19, 2012

Economics of Crime: The Effect of Additional Police Force on Crime Rate, Evidence from Basketball

Hiroya Kawashima uses an interesting approach:
This paper analyzes influence of an additional referee on number of fouls by using the data from Women's Japan Basketball League (WJBL) in order to examine whether number of police officers affects the crime rate. For the season of 2010-2011, the upper league of the WJBL introduced 3 referees system for the adaption of the international standard. Using this natural experiment, the Difference in Difference and the Instrumental Variable method are used to remove endogeneity. The results indicate that increased number of referees decrease number of fouls after considering both reverse causality and unobservable heterogeneity.
You can read more on this topic here (Ross Douthat, h/t: Alex Tabarrok), and here (Bryan Caplan).
H/t: Clarence Nkengne Tsimpo.

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