The maps are from the paper "How Close is Your Government to its People? Worldwide Indicators on Localization and Decentralization" by Anwar Shah (July 2012).
. . . [T]he closeness indexes presented here show that one could have predicted well in advance with a fair degree of accuracy countries that were ripe for popular people revolt such as the one experienced through the Arab Spring or similar movements across the globe. The indexes also provide useful barometers of the enabling environment for doing business or promoting growth and economic development and good governance. Overall they provide useful aggregate measures of government closeness to their people.