Two pension reforms in Austria increased the early retirement age (ERA) from 60 to 62 for men and from 55 to 58.25 for women. We find that raising the ERA increased employment by 9.75 percentage points among affected men and by 11 percentage points among affected women. The reforms had large spillover effects on the unemployment insurance program but negligible effects on disability insurance claims. Specifically, unemployment increased by 12.5 percentage points among men and by 11.8 percentage points among women. The employment response was largest among high-wage and healthy workers, while low-wage and less healthy workers either continued to retire early via disability benefits or bridged the gap to the ERA via unemployment benefits. Taking spillover effects and additional tax revenues into account, we find that for a typical birth-year cohort a one year increase in the ERA resulted in a reduction of net government expenditures of 107million euros for men and of 122million euros for women.That is from this paper by Stefan Staubli & Josef Zweimüller. A draft is here.
From the conclusions
Austria is characterized by an extremely low labor force participation rate of older workers as compared to other industrialized countries. Only 42 percent of men and 29 percent of women aged 55-64 are employed or actively seeking for work.