Aug 29, 2015

Los altos costos de la corrupción


Los guatemaltecos conocen bien las consecuencias de la corrupción, ya que las viven día a día. No hace falta recordarlas. Lo nuevo es que en las últimas semanas se han dado manifestaciones históricamente trascendentales contra la corrupción. 

Podemos sin embargo listar algunas consecuencias de la corrupción que sobresalen de una muy breve evaluación de literatura económica sobre este tema: 
  • Gobiernos corruptos gastan menos en educación ya que destinan fondos a actividades donde es mas fácil extraer rentas. 
  • Un incremento en el nivel de corrupción baja el crecimiento de los ingresos de los mas pobres.
  • La corrupción reduce el crecimiento económico a través de una reducción en la inversión.
  • La corrupción aumenta la desigualdad económica.
  • La corrupción afecta el crecimiento económico al aumentar la inestabilidad política. 
  • La corrupción se alimenta del proteccionismo, y tiende a perpetuarlo. 
  • La corrupción aumenta los déficits fiscales, distorsiona incentivos, reduce la protección de derechos de propiedad, y reduce la legitimidad de la economía de mercado y la democracia. 
  • La corrupción reduce el nivel de confianza y capital social. 
  • Etc.

La corrupción se alimenta de si misma.

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