You could think that unemployment is particularly hard on you if you are unemployed when everybody else is employed. This implies that if you are unemployed and almost everybody else is unemployed too, then you do not feel as bad. Well, this new paper, "Regional Unemployment and Norm-Induced Effects on Life Satisfaction" by Chadi, finds that there is no consolation, the suffering is the even larger:
While rising unemployment generally reduces people’s happiness, researchers argue that there is a compensating social-norm effect for the unemployed individual, who might suffer less when it is more common to be unemployed. This empirical study, however, rejects this thesis for German panel data and finds individual unemployment to be even more hurtful when aggregate unemployment is higher. On the other hand, an extended model that separately considers individuals who feel stigmatised from living off public funds yields strong evidence that this group of people does in fact suffer less when the normative pressure to earn one’s own living is lower.