What is the impact of migration on family left behind? Francisca Antman looks at this question in a book chapter (February 2012). The abstract:
The chapter presents a literature review and a case study. It ends with suggestions for future research.
The questions has been explored regarding internal migration in China and its effects on children left behind. The study by Wen and Lin (February 2012) indicates: "[L]eft-behind children were disadvantaged in health behavior and school engagement but not in perceived satisfaction." In contrast, a paper by Bennett, Clifford, and Falkingham (January 2012) finds a positive long-term effect from parental migration and children's school enrollment in Tajikistan.
One can think in some questions:
- Do children left behind tend to migrate later in life?
- How do children left behind do in the labor market later in life?
- Is criminal behavior relatively more or less prevalent among children left behind later in their lives?