In this paper, we investigate the existence and importance of family welfare cultures, where the take up of a welfare program by one generation causes increased participation in the next generation . . .
From the abstract:
. . . [W]e find strong evidence that welfare use in one generation causes welfare use in the next generation: when a parent is allowed DI [disability insurance], their adult child's participation over the next five years increases by 6 percentage points. This effect grows over time, rising to 12 percentage points after ten years.
The paper (July 2013) is by Dahl, Ravndal Kostol & Mogstad.